Construction History

pic. № 1 The first stake at the building site of KhNPP


On April, 1975 a resolution # 8 of Ministry of Energy of the USSR on construction of a new nuclear power plant was approved. The site near Netishyn, Khmelnitsky rgn. was selected from 50 competetive sites. This NPP was named West-Ukrainian NPP # 2, but later the name was changed on Khmelnitsky NPP.


On February 04, 1977 Ministry of Energy and Electrification of the USSR issued Order # 46/a “On Beginning of Khmelnitsky NPP Construction”. This document became the first incitement to begin large-scale construction.
On November Oleksiy Trotsenko was appointed Director of NPP being constructed by Order of Ministry of Energy.


The machinery, equipment and structures for the first construction objects started arriving to the site. The first hydraulic dredge started preparing the site for the town and the road leading to the future main building of the NPP.


March, USSR, Hungary, Poland, Czechoslovakia sighned an Agreement, which defined contribution of each country into KhNPP contstruction.
On November 28 Ministry of Energy of USSR issued the Protocol # 250/PS approved the technical project of KhNPP with the power capacity of 4000 MW.

pic. № 2 The first cubic meter of concrete in the foundation of Khmelnitsky 1


50 different construction objects had been constructing simultaniously .
Construction of  reservoir with the general water-surface area of 22 km2 began.
The first inhabitants of the future town received apartments with all modern conveniences.


On January 22, the excavation for foundation of the first power unit started at the main site of the future NPP.
On July 7, concreting of the foundation for the reactor building started.
Concreting of the foundation plate for the reactor of the first power unit started on October 22. A capsule with the symbolic address to the future generations was put into the unit foundation together with the first cubic meter of concrete.
On December 1 the first number of the newspaper “Energobudivnik” was issued.


On July, ground erection began. It was began construction of baffels and mounting of structures.


Foundation for Unit 1 equipment was built at the reactor building. It was started the mounting of the reactor cavity.
Construction of Unit 2 started. At the reactor building foundation pit and foundation mat fully completed.


Works at the unit 1 has been continuing.
On April 5, the first tones of armature were placed in the unit 2 foundation.
Pipe bridges were run.
The construction of transmission lines 750 kW Khmelnitsky NPP (USSR) – Zheshuv (Poland) completed in October.


Works at the unit 1 has been continuing.
October, the erection of the first reactor auxiliary building was began.
Metal Plant in Leningrad manufactured and supplied a unique high-speed steam turbine K-1000-60/3000 for the power unit 1. The turbine with the capacity of one million kW was supplied to Khmelnitsky NPP.
Inner walls of the reactor building were constructed at the power unit 2. 90% of the foundation for equipment was built. In the turbine building, bottom plate of the foundation reinforced.
On September, construction works started at the power unit 3.
Reservoir was prepared for filling. 350 families resettled from villages Dorogoshcha, Netishyn and Siltse, they received compensation and habitation.

pic. № 3 A capsule with the symbolic address to the future generations


At the unit 1 it were implemented the containment tension, piping of ventilation systems.
On March 17 a reactor vessel was installed in reactor containment of power unit 1.
On August, the containment dome was mounted at the reactor 1.
Works on radiation monitoring and chemical protection were implemented at the unit.
Closing of low pressure cylinder # 1(LPC-1) was carried out. Procedure for low pressure cylinder # 2 closing was carried out.
Works at power units # 2 and 3 were continuing. Preparatory activities at power unit # 4 were started.
The first object of starting complex (reservoir-cooler) put into operation.
This was the year of Chernobyl tragedy. The employees of Khmelnitsky NPP were among the people who were first exposed to the radiation and prevented the accident development.


Equipment and systems of the power unit # 1 were tested.
On November fueling of the reactor started.
The physical start-up of the power unit 1 was performed on December 10 at 6 a.m.
The reactor was brought to the minimum controlled power level on December 17 at 6 a.m. After physical experiments a phase of power start-up and bringing the power unit into design capacity began.
Unit 1 was connected to the grid on December 22 and on December 31 put into operation.
Construction of the power units # 2 , 3 and 4 had been continuing.

pic. № 4 Mounting of Khmelnitsky 1 reactor


Khmelnitsky 1 was put at the design power.
On April 17 the first preventive maintenance of power unit # 1 started.
On April 1 at 10.15 Khmelnitsky 1 generated the first million kWh since its commissioning.

1989 – 1990

In 1989 it was generated 6238 million kWh, in 1990 – 6891 million kWh.
The first refuelling at the power unit 1 was implemented.
The construction of Unit 2 was 95% complete and preparation for its commissioning started.
“Green” movement started. Its leaders opposed the development of nuclear power. On August 3, 1990 after mass picketing and meetings around the NPP the Verkhovna Rada (Parliament) declared the Moratorium for construction of new nuclear power plants and increase of capacity of the operating NPPs.


It was generated 5457 million kWh.
The beginning of activities, directed to storage of assembled equipment of power unit 2 at KhNPP was considered.


Since its commissioning Khmelnitsky 1 generated more than 28 million kWh.
In 1992 KhNPP actually fulfilled power requirements of the whole region.

pic. № 5 Mounting of Khmelnitsky 1 dome


February 25, it was generated 30 million kWh.
On October 21 the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine took the resolution to lift the moratorium on the construction of nuclear power plants in Ukraine.
KhNPP took the status of operating organization.
Generator installation in the power unit # 2 fully completed.


The power unit 1 generated 6689 million kWh during 1994.
The operation of Khmelnitsky 1 is safe and stable.
Since 1994 the Cabinet of Ministry repeatedly considered modernization and putting into operation of power unit # 2. Corresponding resolutions, directing on unit modernization and its financing, were taken.


 In 1995 the plant output made 6043 million kWh.
Law about application of atomic energy and radiation safety was passed.


In 1996 Khmelnitsky 1 generated 4819 mln kWh.
The meeting of State Acceptance Committee concerning Khmelnitsky 2 took place on January 17-18. The assessment of the unfinished power unit state was given at the meeting.
Round-table discussion took place with the participation of population, mass-media, State Atomic Committee representative, delegates and state employees with the purpose of investigation of unit 2 start-up ecological aspects.
Wage unpayment resulted in tense socio-economic situation.


In 1997 Khmelnitsky 1 generated 6485 mln kWh.
1997 was the year when KhNPP employees (as well as the employees of the other plants) started to fight for timely payment of their wages and arrears of wage. A new trade union committee was elected and plant management was changed as a result of this struggle. That gave the possibility to improve the economic conditions at the plant.

pic. № 6 Record in the log about Khmelnitsky 1 commissioning


Power unit # 1 generated 5781 mln kWh.
The struggle of KhNPP employees for their constitutional rights became more sharp.


Pre-commissioning works at the power unit 2 were in progress. In reactor building, it was implemented active drains inspection, service air system put into operation. In turbine hall, all main equipment mounted. Pumping station was prepared for acception by State Acceptance Commission. Contsruction and assembling works to build radioactive waste storage were 80% completed.


The full-scope simulator VVER-1000 was accepted into industrial operation.
Work session of Acceptance Commission for finish of unit 2 construction with the participation of Fuel and Energy Minister of Ukraine Tulub took place.


Declaration on Ecological Consequences of Khmelnitsky NPP Activities after Khmelnitsky 2 Commissioning was published.
Vice-Premier of Minister on industrial policy O. Dubina visited NPP.


Khmelnitsky 1 output made about 90 million kWh since its commissioning.


For the first time at the end of the year generation of energy was 7,5 billion kWh, and load factor was more than 85%, the highest index among all NPPs of Ukraine. Firstly average preventive maintenance implemented for 52 days, at the same time the quality of work implementation increased. Quantity of releases to the atmosphere reduced in 10 times.
Pre-commissioning works are in progress at Khmelnitsky 2. In January meeting concerning granting of credit of the national banks for construction of the power unit 2 took place.
Operative staff of Fuel Ministry for construction of the power unit 2 was established.
On October President of Ukraine Kuchma visited the site of Khmelnitsky NPP.
MCP motors were rotated, turbine was installed to perform its design functions, information system of the power unit put into operation, reator was loaded by dummy assemblies, primary circuit was sealed and prepared for pressure increasing.
On December 1 the first meeting of State Commission took place concerning the power unit 2 putting into operation.
Financing of social buildings in 30-km zone was began.
Firstly the question opened about the power unit 3 construction.

pic. № 7 Khmelnitsky 2 commissioning


On June 3  power unit # 1 generated 100 billion kWh from commissioning.
General overhaul of the power unit 1 was implemented.
On July 26 licence for putting into operation of reactor of the power unit 2 was received.
On August, 8 the power unit 2 with VVER-1000 was connected to the integrated grid of Ukraine.


Preventive maintenance at the power unit 1 successfully finished, during maintenance the measures for safety increasing were implemented. Load factor of the power unit 1 was more than 82%.
The program of investigating and industrial operation of the power unit 2 was implemented.
On September 7, power unit 2 put into commercial operation.
Preventive maintenance after first fuel cycle was implemented.
On December 15, State Committee of Nuclear Regulation of Ukraine granted license for unit 2 for all lifetime of NPP operation.
During 2005 KhNPP generated more 13 billion kWh.
According to the general evaluation of operation indicators of nuclear power plants included to the Moscow Centre of World Association of Nuclear Operators, Khmelnitsky-1 is rated number nine.


On December 8, KhNPP fulfilled the annual plan on electricity production at the rate 13,942 mln. kWh. Electricity production increased at 11% comparing to the previous year. Installed capacity factor was 85.3%, was the highest one among the Ukrainian power units.
The cost of fulfilled works on safety enhancing of operating power units was 100 mln. grn.
Khmelnitsky-1 is the 12th, Khmelnitsky-2 is the 15th in the rating of PWR units included to the Moscow Centre of WANO.


Khmelnitsky NPP fulfilled the annual plan on electricity production on December 3 and the adjusted annual plan on December 19, 2007. Khmelnitsky NPP reached 14 785.3 mln. kWh in electricity production.
OSART experts (IAEA), who inspected safety and production culture by the invitation of the Government of Ukraine, assessed Khmelnitsky NPP highly.


By March 3, 2008, Khmelnitsky NPP has produced 150 milliard kWh of electricity since commissioning.
June 12, 2008: field meeting chaired by Prime Minister Y.Timoshenko, on which the Completion of two power units at Khmelnitsky NPP was named among/declared as one of the priorities for the development of nuclear power industry.
July 1: the first meeting related to preparatory activities of the completion of Khmelnitsky 3 and 4 was carried out.
Starting from September there were regular field meetings on the review of preparatory activities progress chaired by Y.Nedashkovsky.
September 19, Y.Prodan, Minister of Fuel and Energy of Ukraine carried out a working meeting at Khmelnitsky NPP devoted to completion of power units.
October 13, the Ministry of Fuel and Energy of Ukraine has approved Russian Company “Atomstroyexport” as winner of the selection of the design for the construction of power units 3 and 4, which had presented design of V-392B (VVER-1000).
At the end of the year, State Enterprise National Nuclear Energy Generating Company “Energoatom” jointly with General Designer Open Joint Stock Company “Kyivenergoproject” officially announced about intention to complete power units 3 and 4 of Khmelnitsky NPP.


In 2009 Khmelnitsky NPP generated 12780, 9 mln kWh. KhNPP has produced 172 bln kWh since its commissioning.
On February 18, 2009 the Government of Ukraine signed the Decree on the first priority measures for construction of Khmelnitsky power units 3 and 4.
On May 24, 2009 a group of experts from the Division of Nuclear Safety Installations, IAEA, Vienna, together with the involved expert from France and a representative from the European Commission arrived at KhNPP. This group of follow-up OSART experts thoroughly reviewed actions performed by Khmelnitsky NPP and stated that Khmelnitsky NPP meets international standards on nuclear safety.


In 2010 Khmelnitsky NPP generated 13036, 8 mln kWh. KhNPP has produced 185 bln kWh since its commissioning.
On June 9, 2010 the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of Russian Federation signed an intergovernmental Agreement on cooperation in construction of Khmelnitsky power units 3 and 4.


In 2011 Khmelnitsky NPP generated 14456,9 mln kWh. KhNPP has produced 200,4 bln kWh since its commissioning.
On January 12, 2011 the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine ratified the Agreement between Ukrainian and Russian Governments on cooperation in construction of Khmelnitsky power units 3 and 4, which was signed on June 9, 2010.  On January 17 the Law was submitted for signature to the President of Ukraine.
WANO Technical Support Mission worked at Khmelnitsky NPP on March 22 – 24, 2011. Experts from Slovakia who visited KhNPP more than once observed considerable progress in technical and professional development of NPP staff.
OJSC Sberbank of Russia confirmed their readiness to credit 1 billion US dollars to NNEGC Energoatom for the development of VVER-1000 reactor detail design, manufacturing of long lead reactor equipment, and other preparatory activities to be carried out before the construction of Khmelnitsky 3 and 4.
Public hearings related to the construction of Khmelnitsky 3 and 4 were over on May 30, 2011. They were held from May 11 to May 30 in 14 towns and villages located in the surveillance area around Khmelnitsky NPP site in Khmelnitsky and Rivne regions. The total of 3776 people participated in the hearings: 1328 out of them are from Rivne region, and 2448 people are from Khmelnitsky region.
On August 8, 2011 seven years passed since commissioning of Khmelnitsky 2. It has generated 44 245,1 mln kWh during this period.
By 09.05 December 23 Khmelnitsky NPP had produced 200 billion kW/h of electric power.


In January-December 2012 Khmelnitsky NPP generated 13671.6 mln kWh. KhNPP has produced 214.089 bln kWh since its commissioning.
On March 13, 2012 State Nuclear Regulatory Inspection of Ukraine endorsed the feasibility study for construction of Khmelnitsky Unit 3 and Unit 4.
Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine approved technical and economic substantiation for the construction of Khmelnitsky 3 and 4 by the decree № 498-r issued on June 4, 2012, total value of works amounts to 39 billion 566,294 million UAH.
On August 16 Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine registered a draft law “About the allocation, designing, and construction of Khmelnitsky 3 and 4” in Verkhovna Rada (Parliament) of Ukraine. Draft law was registered under reference №11088, and already submitted for addressing to relevant committees of Verkhovna Rada.
On September 6th, 2012 the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine adopted the Law “Khmelnitsky 3 & 4. Layout, Design and Construction”.


In 2013 Khmelnitsky NPP generated 14571.3 mln kWh. KhNPP has produced 228.66 bln kWh since its commissioning.
On July 3, WANO office launched the work at KhNPP site.
In July 2013, Khmelnitsky NPP obtained certificates confirming that its Management System meets international standards ISO 9001:2008 Quality Management Systems - Requirements and ISO14001:2004 Environmental Management Systems - Requirements with Guidance for Use.